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Trivia the first website ever made

Discussion in 'General Chat' started by connectibyte, May 30, 2015.

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    The First Ever Machine to Run a Web Server

    Please or Register to view links what the first website ever made was. Simply put, it was a website made by the World Wide Web’s creator Tim Berners-Lee, who was working for CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research).

    The first ever website was published on August 6, 1991 and served up a page explaining the World Wide Web project and giving information on how users could setup a web server and how to create their own websites and web pages, as well as how they could search the web for information. The URL for the first ever web page put up on the first ever website was Please or Register to view links

    This link is no longer active and, unfortunately, nobody bothered to make a copy of this original page, which tended to be updated daily anyways. The earliest version of it that was recorded was in 1992 and a copy of that page can be found Please or Register to view links.

    The first ever web browser, called WorldWideWeb, was also created by Tim Berners-Lee. This browser had a nice graphical user interface; allowed for multiple fonts and font sizes; allowed for downloading and displaying images, sounds, animations, môviês, etc.; and had the ability to let users edit the web pages being viewed in order to promote collaboration of information. However, this browser only ran on NeXT Step’s OS, which most people didn’t have because of the high cost of these systems (this company was owned by Steve Jobs, so you can imagine the cost bloat ;-)).

    In order to provide a browser anyone could use, the next browser he developed was much simpler and, thus, versions of it could be quickly developed to be able to run on just about any computer, pretty much regardless of processing power or operating system. It was a bare-bones inline browser (command line / text only), which didn’t have most of the features of his original browser, but at least could be used on pretty much any computer out there at the time and allowed people to access the information on the web.

    The first web server was also written by Tim Berners-Lee called CERN HTTPd, the latter part standing for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon”. For those not familiar, a daemon is simply a program that more or less runs in the background on a system doing whatever it is programmed to do; in this case, listening for and responding to requests for web pages that exist on the machine it is running on; thus this daemon would be called a “server”.

    If you liked this article and the Bonus Facts below, you might also enjoy:

    Bonus Facts:

    • Tim Berners-Lee initially proposed a project that would later become the web in 1980. Nobody bit on the idea, so much later he decided to do it himself and wrote a more detailed proposal for the web in March of 1989 and then yet another proposal in November of 1990 with the help of Robert Cailliau; this one was finally accepted. These proposals outlined building a system based on “Hypertext”, with documents being able to link with other documents on this “web” and these documents being able to be viewed through a client browser. This system would then run on top of the already existing internet. In the original proposal, he also wanted all pages to be editable by users so that the authorship of these pages would be universal, with everybody contributing their knowledge.
    • What made this system unique from existing systems of the day was the marriage of the hypertext system (linked pages) with the internet; particularly the marriage of one directional links that didn’t require any action by the owner of the destination page to make it work as with bi-directional hyptertext systems of the day. It also vastly simplified the development of web servers and web browsers and was a completely open platform making it so anyone could contribute and develop their own systems without paying any royalties. In the process of doing all this, he developed the URL format, hypertext markup language (HTML), and the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
    • Around this same time, one of the most popular alternatives to the web (and indeed much more popular than the web at that time), the Gopher system, announced it would no longer be free to use, effectively killing it with everybody switching to the web. (nice move Gopher people, you almost changed the world, but got greedy near the finish line ;-))
    • A mere one month after his 1990 proposal was accepted, Berners-Lee had built the first web browser, first web server, and written the first web pages, which he subsequently put online and made available for public consumption.
    • The “//” forward slashes in any web address actually serve no real purpose according to Berners-Lee. He only put them in because “it seemed like a good idea at the time.” He wanted a way to separate the part the web server needed to know about
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