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Paki explain po please

Discussion in 'Linux Distributions' started by keso, May 7, 2016.

  1. keso

    keso Honorary Poster Established

    Paki explain naman po sakin yung pinaka simplest na explanation tong KDE,Xfce,at LXDE sa linux

    PS: sinearch ko na sa google di ko maintindihan malalim mashado patulong naman po salamat
     
  2. What is the difference between Gnome, KDE, Xfce & LXDE

    In Linux, there are so many choices, and this includes the desktop environments and window managers. Four of the most popular Please or Register to view links in Linux are Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links, and Please or Register to view links. All four offer sophisticated point-and-click Please or Register to view links, which are on par with the desktop environments found in Please or Register to view links and Please or Register to view links.

    When you ask different people which of these four is best, you will likely get many different answers. So which is the best between GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE? Well... it is largely a matter of opinion. Plus, the capabilities of your computer hardware can also be important in deciding. For example, users with older computers will be better served to choose Xfce or LXDE, while users with newer hardware can get more desktop effects by choosing GNOME or KDE. My recommendation would be to try all four of these desktop environments and decide for yourself which one works best for you. GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE are all excellent, and to varying degrees, each can be customized in a number of ways.

    My personal favorite is GNOME 2.x which is slowly being replaced by GNOME 3. Although, (very fortunately), GNOME 2.x is still being kept alive in Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links and some other distros. Of the most recent desktop environments, my favorite is the newly-released Xfce 4.8.



    A Brief Description of GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE:

    Please or Register to view links - Currently, GNOME ( Please or Register to view links Network Object Model Environment) is in the process of transitioning from version 2.x (which is still used by a large number of distros that offer GNOME) to version 3, which was recently released. Beginning with Please or Register to view links 11.04, there is also the Please or Register to view links Please or Register to view links that runs on top of GNOME 2.x. So basically, GNOME at the moment finds itself in three major manifestations: the old GNOME 2.x, the new GNOME 3, and Unity. Both GNOME 3 and Unity (in my opinion) are moves toward more aesthetically pleasing, yet in some ways more cumbersome desktops.


    While this is my opinion, GNOME 3 and Unity are nice overall and should appeal to many people. It should be mentioned that GNOME has a wealth of applications which are designed for its desktop, but they can also be used in the other desktop environments as well; Please or Register to view links to see a list of them. Linux Mint, Ubuntu, Please or Register to view links, and Please or Register to view links are major Linux distros which use GNOME in their main editions. What following are descriptions of GNOME 2.x, GNOME 3, and Unity.

    GNOME 2.x


    [​IMG]



    Now in the process of becoming the "old school" GNOME, 2.x has dual Please or Register to view links, known as " Please or Register to view links." One panel is located at the top of the screen in the form of a Please or Register to view links, and an additional panel is found at the bottom of the screen. Because of this, some people would say that GNOME 2.x more closely resembles the Mac OS X operating system in appearance than it does Microsoft Windows. While this may be true in its default settings, GNOME 2.x can be configured to more closely resemble Windows.


    Regarding system resource usage, GNOME 2.x requires less RAM but more CPU than GNOME 3, and less RAM and CPU than Unity or KDE but more than Xfce or LXDE. GNOME 2.x has a Please or Register to view links at the left of the menu bar (top panel) which is very simple and easy to use. Unfortunately, this extremely nice menu does not exist in either GNOME 3 or Unity. GNOME 2.x is still my favorite desktop and it pains me to see it potentially fade into the sunset. It is my personal hope that it will be kept alive and/or Please or Register to view links. So far, Linux Mint has succeeded in keeping GNOME 2.x alive. Please or Register to view links


    Recommended System Requirements for GNOME 2.x:


    Required RAM

    384 MB

    Required CPU

    800 MHz


    Please or Register to view links




    GNOME 3


    [​IMG]



    The newly released GNOME 3 is a drastic change from the "classic" GNOME 2.x. While GNOME 3 is fairly intuitive, for someone who is accustomed to GNOME 2.x, or any other desktop environment for that matter, there will still be a considerable amount of adjustment. In GNOME 3, there is only one panel located at the top of the desktop, and there is no longer a traditional menu. To open programs, users click on "Activities" found on the left side of the panel, which then gives the options of a program launcher that appears on the left side of the desktop, an "Applications" option found on the upper left part of the desktop (which is the closest thing to a menu), or they can search for programs using the search box on the upper right of the desktop. Additionally, when clicking on "Activities," a desktop switcher appears on the right side of the desktop.


    Another change involves the buttons on the windows. In GNOME 2.x, and practically every other desktop environment or window manager, there are at least three buttons found at the top of each window: one to exit the window, one to maximize the window, and one to minimize the window. However, in GNOME 3, there is only one button which is used to exit the window, which really takes some getting used to. Overall though, GNOME 3 is a very simple, clean, and visually pleasing desktop, but it is also quite cumbersome.


    Recommended System Requirements for GNOME 3:


    Required RAM

    768 MB

    Required CPU

    400 MHz


    Please or Register to view links


    Editor’s note: A PCLinuxOS version of GNOME 3.x is currently being worked on.


    Unity


    [​IMG]



    Originally designed by Please or Register to view links for use on Please or Register to view links, Unity is now the default desktop in Ubuntu 11.04. There is still the option, however, to run the "Classic" GNOME 2.x desktop environment, which requires less system resources and has more flexibility than Unity. Also, Unity requires more system resources than GNOME 3 or KDE, not to mention all of the other popular Linux desktop environments. In Unity, there is one panel and it is always at the top of the desktop. Additionally, there is a Please or Register to view links-like program launcher which is always on the left side of the desktop. In appearance, Unity very much resembles a Mac OS X desktop where the dock has been positioned on the left side.


    One issue I personally have with Unity is that it does not have a "traditional" menu like GNOME 2.x, although users can right-click on the "Applications" icon found on the program launcher to find something that resembles a menu. Another way to access programs in Unity is by clicking on the Ubuntu symbol found on the left side of the panel. This opens up a box where users can type in the name of desired programs to open them. Unity, in my opinion, seems less cumbersome than GNOME 3 in some respects, but it still feels awkward at times. Despite this, Unity, like GNOME 3, is very simple, clean, and visually pleasing.


    Recommended System Requirements for Unity:


    Required RAM

    1 GB

    Required CPU

    1 GHz


    Please or Register to view links



     
    yukishiro1978 likes this.
  3. KDE


    [​IMG]



    Please or Register to view links - In many ways, KDE (K Desktop Environment) is very similar in appearance to Microsoft Windows, and Windows users will likely feel very much at home when using KDE. Just like in Windows, users access the KDE menu by clicking on the the left side of the panel. By default, KDE has a single menu bar at the bottom of the screen. However, this may be changed by the user. With its Please or Register to view links, KDE is arguably themost Please or Register to view links visually pleasing of all the Linux desktops. While KDE is more polished in appearance and has more point-and-click options and "eye candy" than GNOME 2.x, Xfce, or LXDE, it is also more resource hungry. On the other hand, KDE requires less system resources than Ubuntu's Unity, and less RAM than GNOME 3.


    Like GNOME, KDE includes a large number of applications which are designed to be used in its desktop, many of which have a name that begins with the letter "K." For example, Please or Register to view links is the default web browser, Dolphin is the default file manager, and Please or Register to view links is a desktop planetarium. Also, like the GNOME applications, the KDE applications can be used in other desktop environments. You can Please or Register to view links to see a list of KDE applications. Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links, and Please or Register to view links are some major Linux distros running KDE in their main editions. Please or Register to view links is the KDE version of Ubuntu. With all of this being said, KDE is an excellent desktop environment that is definitely worth consideration.


    Recommended System Requirements for KDE:


    Required RAM

    615 MB


    Required CPU

    1 GHz



    Please or Register to view links

    Please or Register to view links



    Xfce


    [​IMG]



    Please or Register to view links - Less resource-hungry than GNOME or KDE, Xfce is a great choice for older computers, and it is still a full-fledged desktop environment that offers a great deal to the user. In my opinion, Xfce provides a nice balance between functionality and conservation of system resources, while still having a beautiful desktop. In its default appearance, the newly-released Xfce 4.8 very much resembles Mac OS X with its dock-like panel found at the bottom of the desktop. Users can drag their favorite applications from the menu (found on the left side of the upper panel) and place them on the bottom dock/panel in a similar manner as can be done in Mac OS X.Editor’s note: Xfce 4.8.1 does not exhibit this behavior under the default installation of PCLinuxOS. Rather, the panels of Phoenix (the Xfce version of PCLinuxOS), behave much as they did under Xfce 4.6.2.


    Just like GNOME 2.x and KDE, Xfce may easily be customized to more closely resemble Windows, or to be configured any way as desired. Please or Register to view links is the Xfce version of Ubuntu, Please or Register to view links is the Xfce version of PCLinuxOS, and Linux Mint offers an excellent Please or Register to view links with Xfce. Many other Linux distros offer Xfce versions as well. For those, such as myself, who like the GNOME 2.x desktop and are not completely satisfied with the changes in GNOME 3 or Unity, Xfce 4.8 could be a great fit.


    Recommended System Requirements for Xfce:


    Required RAM

    192 MB


    Required CPU

    300 MHz



    Please or Register to view links

    Please or Register to view links



    LXDE


    [​IMG]



    Please or Register to view links - Of the four major Linux desktop environments, LXDE (Lightweight Please or Register to view links Desktop Environment) is the least resource-hungry, which makes it an outstanding choice for older computers. It will also run extremely fast on newer computers. Even with its super-efficiency, LXDE is still a nice and feature-rich desktop environment that has menus which are simple and straightforward and very easy to navigate.


    In its default appearance, LXDE resembles older versions of Windows (such as Please or Register to view links or Please or Register to view links), with a single panel at the bottom of the desktop and a menu found on the left side of that panel. But like GNOME 2.x, KDE, and XFCE, it can be customized in a variety of ways. Please or Register to view links (the LXDE version of Ubuntu), Please or Register to view links, and Please or Register to view links are popular distros which have LXDE as their default desktop environment. Many other Linux distros, such as Please or Register to view links, offer LXDE versions as well.


    Recommended System Requirements for LXDE:


    Required RAM

    128 MB


    Required CPU

    266 MHz



    Please or Register to view links

    Please or Register to view links



    Popular Window Managers in Linux:


    GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE are complete desktop environments, each of which come with their own programs and applications, menus, Please or Register to view links, a file manager, and a Please or Register to view links. Window managers are, as the term suggests, simply used to manage the opening and closing of programs in a graphical, point-and-click windowed desktop. Window managers can be used as a component of a desktop environment, or they can run on their own. GNOME 2.x uses Please or Register to view links as its default window manager, GNOME 3 uses Please or Register to view links, KDE uses Please or Register to view links, Xfce uses Please or Register to view links, and LXDE uses Please or Register to view links. Some other examples of popular X11 window managers are Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links, Please or Register to view links, and Please or Register to view links. To varying degrees all of these window managers are less resource-hungry than GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and even LXDE, and are great for extremely old computers. Editor’s note: PCLinuxOS offers standalone versions running Fluxbox, IceWM, Enlightenment and Openbox.


    [​IMG]


    Please or Register to view links - Though Enlightenment (E17) is a window manager, it can also be considered a "desktop shell," and the project has grown to encompass a number of applications and libraries which are together known as EFL. Because of its many features, many people even consider Enlightenment (a.k.a. "E") to be a full-fledged desktop environment. One very nice feature of Enlightenment is its flexibility, which among other things, allows it to run on a wide variety of devices that includes mobile phones, game systems, laptops, and powerful desktop computers.


    Enlightenment requires less system resources than the GNOME, KDE, Xfce, or even LXDE, yet it also is quite visually appealing. It also offers a lot of "eye candy," which is amazing, given its very small footprint. The Enlightenment desktop is somewhat unique in its appearance, and users can simply click anywhere on it to access the menu. Please or Register to view links is a popular distro that uses Enlightenment as its default desktop.


    Recommended System Requirements for Enlightenment (E17) to be fully functional on a netbook, laptop, or desktop:


    Required RAM

    64 MB


    Required CPU

    200 MHz



    Please or Register to view links



    A Comparison Desktop Environment / Window Manager RAM and CPU Usage:


    Below are the results of an "unscientific" test I conducted with various desktop environments and window managers. In this test, I ran Unity in Ubuntu 11.04, and GNOME 3 in Fedora 15, both from live CDs. Then I used the GNOME system monitor in Unity and GNOME 3 to record the lowest RAM and CPU usage numbers, while each system was at idle after a fresh boot with no other open applications.


    I installed and ran the other nine desktop environments/window managers in Lubuntu 11.04 and Xubuntu 11.04 through Please or Register to view links and opened the LX Task Manager (lxtask) to record the lowest RAM and CPU usage numbers, while each system was at idle after a fresh boot with no other open applications. As a side note, I opened Windows 7 on a newer HP laptop and recorded the system usage numbers. While Windows 7 used 0% of the CPU at idle from a fresh boot which was better than any of the Linux desktop environments or window managers, it used significantly more RAM at 1.13 GB, which is three times more than KDE 4.6. Below are my results for the Linux desktop environments and window managers:



    Desktop Environment / Window Manager


    RAM used

    % CPU used



    Type


    KDE 4.6

    363 MB

    4 %



    desktop environment


    *** Unity

    271 MB

    14%



    desktop environment

    (shell)


    *** GNOME 3

    193 MB

    10%



    desktop environment


    GNOME 2.x

    191 MB

    1 %



    desktop environment


    XFCE 4.8

    144 MB

    10 %



    desktop environment


    LXDE

    85 MB

    10 %



    desktop environment


    IceWM

    85 MB

    2 %



    window manager


    Enlightenment (E17 Standard)

    72 MB

    1 %



    window manager


    Fluxbox

    69 MB

    1 %



    window manager


    OpenBox

    60 MB

    1 %



    window manager


    JWM

    58 MB

    1 %



    window manager



    Regarding the desktop environments, I was surprised that the "lighter-weight" XFCE and LXDE consumed more of the CPU while at idle than KDE or GNOME 2.x. As far as the window managers, it was interesting that their performances were very close to each other, with IceWM consuming the most RAM and CPU, and JWM consuming the least RAM and CPU. It was no surprise to me that all of the window managers used less RAM and CPU than any of the desktop environments, with the exception of IceWM which used slightly more CPU than GNOME 2.x. Finally, it should be mentioned that this was simply a test I completed out of simple curiosity, and while the results are interesting, it is probably best for you to use the recommended system requirements for each desktop environment as a guide when deciding which one is best for your computer.


    *** So far, I have not been able to run GNOME 3 or Unity in VirtualBox on my system, even when I increased the allocated amounts of RAM and video memory to their maximums. So instead, I used live CDs to run Unity in Ubuntu 11.04, and GNOME 3 in Fedora 15.



    Interchangeability / Flexibility of Linux Desktop Environments:


    [​IMG]


    One great feature of Linux is that programs / applications that are made to run in any one of these desktop environments will normally work in the others. For example, Please or Register to view links can also run in KDE, Xfce, or LXDE, while Please or Register to view links can likewise run in GNOME, Xfce, and LXDE. It should also be mentioned that many major Linux distros offer versions in multiple desktop environments, which includes all four of the desktop environments described above. It is even possible to have any combination of GNOME, KDE, Xfce, and LXDE installed simultaneously on your Linux system. However, when installing multiple Linux desktop environments on the same computer, it is important to know that there will be many redundancies between similar applications (system tools, games, etc.) found within each desktop environment.


    [​IMG]


    Another outstanding feature of Linux desktop environments is their flexibility, which gives users the ability to customize a desktop environment to make it look quite unique, or to imitate the look of other operating systems such as Windows and Mac OS X. Please or Register to view links to see a larger screenshot of the GNOME 2.x desktop in Linux Mint 9, which has been customized to resemble Mac OS X, using Please or Register to view links. Like other software in Linux Mint, Docky can be downloaded and installed from the Software Manager.


    The default desktop in Please or Register to view links looks much like Mac OS X, and Please or Register to view links has a nice feature called "Look Changer" which allows users to choose the normal GNOME desktop, or from desktops very similar to either Please or Register to view links or Please or Register to view links. Please or Register to view links to see a larger screenshot of Zorin OS in the Windows XP mode, but without the legion of viruses. Please or Register to view links to see more examples of customized Linux desktops. Below are links to websites which offer a wide variety of eye candy for the GNOME, KDE, and XFCE desktops:


    Please or Register to view links

    Please or Register to view links

    Please or Register to view links


    Please or Register to view links to learn more about the differences between the various Linux desktop environments in an article by Please or Register to view links. Please or Register to view links also provides an excellent comparison of the various desktop environments in an article entitled " Please or Register to view links". Another great resource is the Please or Register to view links website.
     
  4. keso

    keso Honorary Poster Established

    ang haba hehe pure english anyway salamat maam
     
    Jeanh likes this.
  5. naka elaborate na po yan (y)
     
    keso likes this.
  6. I'll try to explain po sa pinaka simplest form :D Eto po yung tinatawag na Desktop Enviroment sa Linux. Kung napansin mo sa Windows or sa Mac OS after mo sila iinstall yun na yun. Stuck ka na dun at yun lang ang gagamitin mo. Sa Linux marami kang pagpipilian. May KDE, Xfce and LXDE, isa lang to sa mga popular na Desktop Environment nila. Isa din yung Gnome which is added by JeanhJeanh

    Ano pinagkaiba nila? Pare pareho lang silang Desktop Environment. Let's say sila yung design na makikita mo everytime mag login ka sa Linux machine mo. Pwedeng gumamit ka ng Gnome which is pinaka maarte nila kunyari na design. KDE kung gusto mo ng ibang features. Yung Xfce naman tsaka LXDE ay kilala sa pagiging light weight nila. So di mo need ng mamahaling machine para mag run to. Simpleng taskbar lang at walang fancy ewan para i run sila. Depende sa taste, depende sa mood.
     
    keso likes this.
  7. keso

    keso Honorary Poster Established

    well explained salamat boss :)
     
    Nicolandia15 likes this.
  8. ah. bale interface lang pala yung pagkakaiba nila...ok naintindihan ko na po..hehe salamat sa thread na to :)
     
  9. Yes sir. Interface and programs na built in dun. Technically pwede mag run mga programs ng linux sa iba't ibang Desktop environment pero may ibang specific programs na intentionally naka design para sa isang specific Desktop Environment.
     
    rekai12 likes this.
  10. Very very very well explained. Thank you so much. Sa tagal ko sa linux platform dami ko pa rin natutunan sayo. thanks
     
  11. Simple explanation?

    Themes and Modules + Functions
     
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