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General Information About Ad∩lt Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Discussion in 'Lifestyle & Healthy Living' started by zegen, Nov 27, 2015.

  1. [​IMG]
    KEY POINTS
    • Ad∩lt acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets.
    • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
    • There are different subtypes of AML.
    • Smoking, previous chemotherapy treatment, and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of Ad∩lt AML.
    • Signs and symptoms of Ad∩lt AML include fever, feeling tired, and easy bruising or bleeding.
    • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose Ad∩lt AML.
    • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
    Ad∩lt acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets.

    Ad∩lt Please or Register to view links (AML) is a Please or Register to view links of the Please or Register to view links and Please or Register to view links. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of Please or Register to view links in adults. AML is also called acute myelogenous leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia.

    Please or Register to view links[​IMG]
    Anatomy of the bone. The bone is made up of compact bone, spongy bone, and bone marrow. Compact bone makes up the outer layer of the bone. Spongy bone is found mostly at the ends of bones and contains red marrow. Bone marrow is found in the center of most bones and has many blood vessels. There are two types of bone marrow: red and yellow. Red marrow contains blood stem cells that can become red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. Yellow marrow is made mostly of fat.
    Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
    Normally, the bone marrow makes Please or Register to view links (immature Please or Register to view links) that become mature blood cells over time. A blood stem cell may become a Please or Register to view links Please or Register to view links or a Please or Register to view linksstem cell. A lymphoid stem cell becomes a Please or Register to view links.

    A myeloid stem cell becomes one of three types of mature blood cells:

    Please or Register to view links[​IMG]
    Blood cell development. A blood stem cell goes through several steps to become a red blood cell, platelet, or white blood cell.
    In AML, the myeloid stem cells usually become a type of immature white blood cell called myeloblasts (or myeloid Please or Register to view links). The myeloblasts in AML are Please or Register to view links and do not become healthy white blood cells. Sometimes in AML, too many stem cells become abnormal red blood cells or platelets. These abnormal white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets are also called Please or Register to view links cells or blasts. Leukemia cells can build up in the bone marrow and blood so there is less room for healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. When this happens, infection, Please or Register to view links, or easy bleeding may occur. The leukemia cells can spread outside the blood to other parts of the body, including the Please or Register to view links(brain and Please or Register to view links), skin, and Please or Register to view links.

    This summary is about Ad∩lt AML. See the following Please or Register to view links summaries for information about other types of leukemia:

    There are different subtypes of AML.
    Most AML Please or Register to view links are based on how mature (developed) the cancer cells are at the time of Please or Register to view links and how different they are from normal cells.

    Please or Register to view links (APL) is a subtype of AML that occurs when parts of two Please or Register to view links stick together. APL usually occurs in middle-aged adults. Please or Register to view links of APL may include both bleeding and forming blood clots.

    Smoking, previous chemotherapy treatment, and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of Ad∩lt AML.
    Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a Please or Register to view links. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer; not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Possible risk factors for AML include the following:

    Signs and symptoms of Ad∩lt AML include fever, feeling tired, and easy bruising or bleeding.
    The early signs and Please or Register to view links of AML may be like those caused by the flu or other common diseases. Check with your doctor if you have any of the following:

    • Please or Register to view links.
    • Shortness of breath.
    • Easy bruising or bleeding.
    • Please or Register to view links (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding).
    • Weakness or feeling tired.
    • Weight loss or loss of Please or Register to view links.
    Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose Ad∩lt AML.
    The following tests and procedures may be used:

    • Please or Register to view links and Please or Register to view links : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
    • Please or Register to view links (CBC): A procedure in which a sample of blood is drawn and checked for the following:
      • The number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
      • The amount of Please or Register to view links (the Please or Register to view links that carries oxygen) in the red blood cells.
      • The portion of the sample made up of red blood cells.
      Please or Register to view links[​IMG]
      Complete blood count (CBC). Blood is collected by inserting a needle into a vein and allowing the blood to flow into a tube. The blood sample is sent to the laboratory and the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are counted. The CBC is used to test for, diagnose, and monitor many different conditions.
    • Please or Register to view links : A procedure in which a sample of blood is checked for blast cells, the number and kinds of white blood cells, the number of platelets, and changes in the shape of blood cells.
    • Please or Register to view links : The removal of bone marrow, blood, and a small piece of bone by inserting a hollow needle into the hipbone or Please or Register to view links. A Please or Register to view links views the bone marrow, blood, and bone under a Please or Register to view links to look for signs of cancer.
      Please or Register to view links[​IMG]
      Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. After a small area of skin is numbed, a bone marrow needle is inserted into the patient’s hip bone. Samples of blood, bone, and bone marrow are removed for examination under a microscope.
    • Please or Register to view links Please or Register to view links : A Please or Register to view links in which the cells in a sample of blood or bone marrow are viewed under a microscope to look for certain changes in the Please or Register to view links. Other tests, such as Please or Register to view links (FISH), may also be done to look for certain changes in the chromosomes.
    • Please or Register to view links : A process used to identify cells, based on the types of Please or Register to view links or Please or Register to view links on the surface of the cell. This process is used to diagnose the subtype of AML by comparing the cancer cells to normal cells of the Please or Register to view links. For example, a cytochemistry study may test the cells in a sample of tissue using chemicals (dyes) to look for certain changes in the sample. A chemical may cause a color change in one type of leukemia cell but not in another type of leukemia cell.
    • Please or Register to view linksPlease or Register to view links test (RT–PCR): A laboratory test in which cells in a sample of tissue are studied using chemicals to look for certain changes in the structure or function of genes. This test is used to diagnose certain types of AML including acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
    Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
    The Please or Register to view links (chance of Please or Register to view links) and treatment options depend on:

    • The age of the patient.
    • The subtype of AML.
    • Whether the patient received chemotherapy in the past to treat a different cancer.
    • Whether there is a history of a blood disorder such as myelodysplastic syndrome.
    • Whether the cancer has spread to the central nervous system.
    • Whether the cancer has been treated before or Please or Register to view links (come back).
    It is important that acute leukemia be treated right away.

    • Updated: September 17, 2015

    National Cancer Institute
    at the National Institutes of Health
     
  2. nice thread (y)
     
    zegen likes this.
  3. thanks po miss jeanh naisip ko lang.. yung bestfriend ko meron siyang AML.
     
    Jeanh likes this.
  4. Thanks for sharing jeanh and zegen
     
    zegen likes this.
  5. hahahaah derx talaga
     
  6. derx

    derx El Vampiro Staff Member Moderator

    Paki ko diyan demoniac. :shifty:
     
  7. ahaha baka daw need mo yan boss derx
     
  8. derx

    derx El Vampiro Staff Member Moderator

  9. ang hard :hilarious:
     
  10. ahaha iba na kasi pag matanda kaya tinawag ka ni boss demon, para sayo din yan
     
  11. derx

    derx El Vampiro Staff Member Moderator

    Really? You're going to that extent? o_O
     
  12. Xelos

    Xelos Eternal Poster Established

    Ano ba yan tungkol saan to :shifty:
     
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